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Smelting (also known as cooking, baking, burning, or producing) is the main method to "smelt". It is an action using a furnace, blast furnacesmoker, or a campfire where a player converts ore or another block into something else by heating it with fuel. For example, one stick/sapling/bowl smelts 0.5 blocks, wood/wood plank smelts 1.5 blocks, coal/charcoal smelts 8 blocks, a block of coal smelts 80 blocks, and a lava bucket smelts 100 blocks. Each item takes ten seconds to be smelted by default.

Fuel Types and Smelt Times

Fuel Burning Time (seconds) Amount needed to burn a stack (64) of items
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Lava Bucket
1,000 0.64
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Block of Coal
800 0.8
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Dried Kelp Block
200 3.2
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Blaze Rod
120 5.3
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Coal
80 8
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Charcoal
80 8
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Boat
60 10.6
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Scaffolding
[Bedrock Edition only]
60 10.6
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Scaffolding
[Java Edition only]
20 32
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Log
15 42.6
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Planks
15 42.6
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Pressure Plate
(wooden)
15 42.6
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Fence
15 42.6
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Fence Gate
15 42.6
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Stairs
(wooden)
15 42.6
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Trapdoor
(wooden)
15 42.6
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Crafting Table
15 42.6
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Cartography Table
15 42.6
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Fletching Table
15 42.6
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Smithing Table
15 42.6
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Loom
15 42.6
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Bookshelf
15 42.6
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Lectern
15 42.6
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Composter
15 42.6
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Chest
15 42.
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Trapped Chest
15 42.6
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Barrel
15 42.6
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Daylight Detector
15 42.6
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Jukebox
15 42.6
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Note Block
15 42.6
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Huge Mushrooms
[Bedrock Edition only]
15 42.6
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Banner
15 42.6
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Wooden Slab
[Bedrock Edition only]
15 42.6
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Wooden Slab
[Java Edition only]
7.5 85.3
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Bow
[Java Edition only]
15 42.6
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Bow
[Bedrock Edition only]
10 64
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Fishing Rod
15 42.6
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Ladder
15 42.6
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Button
(wooden)[Bedrock Edition only]
15 42.6
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Button
(wooden)[Java Edition only]
5 128
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Wooden Pickaxe
10 64
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Wooden Shovel
10 64
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Wooden Hoe
10 64
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Wooden Axe
10 64
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Wooden Sword
10 64
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Sign
10 64
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Door
(wooden)
10 64
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Bowl
[Bedrock Edition only]
10 64
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Bowl
[Java Edition only]
5 128
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Saplings
5 128
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Stick
5 128
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Wool
[Java Edition only]
5 128
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Carpet
[Java Edition only]
3.35 191.04
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Bamboo
2.5 256

Trivia

  • If a player configures the settings by using Data Packs (1.13+), by changing the cooking time to a smaller value (smaller than 200), the smelting length can be quicker.
    • Increasing the value beyond the default (200) will slow down the cooking time.
  • If a player breaks the furnace while it's smelting something, no experience will drop, but any items inside will drop.
  • A Blast Furnace only smelts ores, no food.
  • Hoppers can input fuel and items into a furnace and remove the smelted items, making automatic smelters possible.
  • A Smoker can cook only food.
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